CHELTENHAM: A New History


CHELTENHAM: A New History

ANTHEA JONES    Book Number: 85988    Product format: Hardback

A hotspot for lovers of elegant Regency architecture and the modern home of the GCHQ intelligence community, Cheltenham has a fascinating history stretching back to the Domesday Book. In 1294 there were 52 burgages in Cheltenham, smallholdings purchased by merchants and craftsmen, indicating that the town's commercial development was already well under way. Taxation records show rapid growth, and by the Reformation the local monasteries of Syon and Cirencester were among the wealthiest in the country, prime targets for Dissolution and the transfer of assets to the Crown. Also acquired by the Crown was Cheltenham Manor, which fortunately for historians had a full survey in 1617 resulting in detailed knowledge of the local houses and their layouts. An ecclesiastical survey known as the Compton Census gives us population records for the late 17th century and data such as the taxes on hearths and chimneys. When George III put the town on the map in 1788 by taking the waters, he stayed in the home of Henry Belasyse, Lord Fauconberg, who was lord lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire but preferred the genteel atmosphere of Cheltenham. The town's royal endorsement resulted in the construction of superb town houses like Lansdown Terrace, partly financed by the East India Company. In the 19th century, civic pride was fostered by the foundation of public schools such as Cheltenham Ladies' College. The author brings the story into the present with the public artworks that now decorate the streets. 406pp, numerous colour photos. Apologies for sticker.
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ISBN 9781859361542
Browse these categories as well: Great Britain, Maps & the Environment, History

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