STAMPS OF THE WORLD


STAMPS OF THE WORLD

SANDRA FORTY    Book Number: 84494    Product format: Hardback

The appearance of the first modern stamp, the Penny Black in 1840, marked a decisive step in the modernisation of telecommunications. It was the culmination of a series of reforms introduced by Sir Rowland Hill (1795-1879) to overhaul the British postal system which at the time was corrupt and inefficient. He intended to bring about a cheap, efficient postal service and hoped that this would encourage the spread of literacy itself through letter-writing. The hobby of stamp collecting and the study of philately are pursuits that draw on this fascinating history. The stamps that carried letters and parcels across the globe by the end of the 19th century sported a range of inventive designs and were issued in numerous shapes which have continued to the present day; rectangular, square, round and irregular including bird shapes. Early stamps were printed on paper bearing a watermark of a small crown before 1855. By mid May 1840, 600,000 stamps a day were being printed and distributed to Post Offices in sheets of 240 stamps which were separated by cutting with scissors. From 1959, phosphor banding was introduced to facilitate the sorting of mail which fluoresce under ultraviolet light. The current UK definitive, produced in 1967, is known as the Machin series after its designer Arnold Machin, and bears the profile of Queen Elizabeth II. The hobby of stamp collecting grew alongside the appearance of the adhesive stamp, with thousands of stamp collectors and dealers appearing across Europe by 1860. By the 1880s, Stanley Gibbons was making a considerable income from the new hobby and more and more countries produced their own stamps, supplemented by numerous special issues. The collection of Phillip von Ferrary (1850-1917) is considered to have been both the most comprehensive ever assembled and to mark the last point at which such a collection was possible. Sadly his collection was sold by the French government after WWI. First Day Covers and dozens of examples are photographed in this A-Z image gallery. Small square 96pp.
Bibliophile price: £3.50


Additional product information

ISBN 9781844062003
Browse this category: Collectables/Antiques

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