CAMISARD UPRISING: War and Religion in the Cevennes

CAMISARD UPRISING: War and Religion in the Cevennes

DAVID CRACKANTHORPE    Book Number: 87026    Product format: Paperback

The persecution - torture, execution, confiscation of children, imposition of ruinous signs, and the violent hostility of the Catholic clergy combine to create conditions of terror and misery in the Cévennes that would one day end in explosion. David Crackanthorpe reveals how an uprising raged from 702-4. Protestant numbers in France fell from 10% of the population in 1598 when Henri IV gave protection by the Edict of Nantes, to a persecuted 2% in 1700 following its revocation in 1685 by Louis XIV. The centralising tendency of French power left no room for any religion but that of the King. The destruction of Protestantism in France succeeded best in the cities where Huguenots were vulnerable and could only remain faithful to their beliefs in secret, but in the mountains of the Cévennes in Languedoc there were hidden sites for unlawful religious assemblies, isolated villages and farms where a people of Celtic origins passionately devoted to their form of Christianity with leanings to mysticism and trance-induced biblical prophecy. No one can conceive that the Camisards, bands of shepherds, farm labourers and wool combers, chanted psalms as they went ill-armed into battle, led by daring men without educational status. Could they successfully ambush and destroy well-armed troops of the Crown? They did. Inevitably, Camisards' force was finally broken by a rare act of intelligence and an amnesty that allowed survivors to leave the country. They continued the traditions in a worldwide Huguenot diaspora. The French Revolution finally brought religious tolerance. 269pp in paperback and with a particularly good opening chapter on the French Huguenots in London. Maps and illus.
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ISBN 9781909930209
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